Narendra Modi seems to be becoming the Prime Minister and people who want to get into the Lok Sabha at any price or those who assume that they will get a place in Narendra Modi’s Cabinet, all those people have ‘gone with’ Modi. Ram Vilas Paswan and Jagdambika Pal are MPs from two different parties. Ram Vilas Paswan is also the President of his party and in 2009, after he was defeated in the general elections, Laloo Yadav had sent him into the Rajya Sabha. Jagdambika Pal is an MP from the Congress Party and he is angry over why he was not made a Minister or President of the Congress in Uttar Pradesh. Both have ‘gone’ to the Bharatiya Janata Party. It is a different thing matter that both, like the majority of others in the country, have discarded the views and opinions they once held and ‘gone’ with Modi. Ram Vilas Paswan’s statements cannot be seen anywhere to be synonymous with communalism. All his life, Jagdambika Pal opposed communalism, but now in these elections he cannot see communalism in Narendra Modi. And it may be that both of them will soon give a statement that Narendra Modi is not communal.
Ram Vilas Paswan even very deftly and cleanly clubbed together communalism and the 2002 Gujarat riots and said that since the court has not punished Narendra Modi, therefore Modi is not communal. There is a communal ideology and those who believe in this communal ideology are communal. Those who are secular or against communalism, that too is an ideology. But now in our country ideologies have no meaning.
In fact, there is something even more dangerous than communalism, and that is the neo-liberal market system which was introduced in 1991 by Manmohan Singh during the Prime Ministerial tenure of P. V. Narasimha Rao. It is curious that the Bharatiya Janata Party also believes in this economic system and so does the third rider – Arvind Kejriwal. The Bharatiya Janata Party supports the Congress which believes in attempting to change the Constitution but without changing the Constitution by saying that the Congress has not implemented the liberal market system properly, but it will implement it properly. Arvind Kejriwal too says that it is not the Government’s job to run industry or trade, the Government’s job is to govern. He also said that the Government does not have jobs, it is the industrialists who can give jobs.
In our country, a public welfare state has been envisioned in the Constitution and it is expected from the Governments that they will rid the people of hunger, thirst, unemployment, and corruption because it is a Government of the people, it is not a management establishment of capitalists. It is a Government elected by the people of India. And in a country where 70 per cent of the people are troubled by inflation, corruption and unemployment, where there is no development and where development is not reaching, it is expected from the Government that it will find solutions to all these problems and fulfill its responsibilities. But now Governments are not fulfilling their responsibilities and have become carefree after leaving the people of India dependent on the markets. Children staggering against death in Kalahandi would become a matter and issue of concern in this country, but now no one talks of places like Kalahandi. Now Governments are not worried about the poor, tribals, Dalits and people from the weaker sections, in which the minorities are also included, because the neo-liberal market system does not consider them to be within its purview.
How to bring the light of development into the lives of 100 per cent of the people — the neo-liberal market system does not create any plans for this. Instead, it works for how the lives of 7 to 10 per cent of the people should run comfortably and how the rest of the people can become a component in making the lives of the 7 to 10 per cent of the people comfortable. How the coming elections in this country should be fought with very great understanding by the people is a one crore rupee or million dollar question.
How to bring the light of development into the lives of 100 per cent of the people — the neo-liberal market system does not create any plans for this. Instead, it works for how the lives of 7 to 10 per cent of the people should run comfortably and how the rest of the people can become a component in making the lives of the 7 to 10 per cent of the people comfortable.
After the coming elections, this country will think about walking on two paths. On the first path is somehow living by bearing the pain and suffering of corruption, inflation, unemployment, exploitation and lack of development, and when unable to bear that pain and suffering, committing suicide, like what the farmers today are doing. This market oriented system has broken the back of Indian agriculture and left the helpless farmers to die. Now farmers’ suicides do not get place in newspapers and television. It is the sons of the farmers who are in the Army, it is the sons of the farmers who are in the bureaucracy, but because of this market system, those sons are becoming the cause for the plight of their own families and for farmers : they are not thinking at all about cultivation.
Fertile land is being snatched away from farmers, is being acquired, and is being sold at cheap rates to builders. Taking the cost inputs into account, the farmer’s produce has become a loss making deal. In spite of this 60 to 70 per cent of the people in the country have no other choice but that of cultivation. The Government is just not thinking of making cultivation productive, therefore a fear has been created that the farmers could get so disappointed that they too may think about adopting unconstitutional ways. And unless they think in this manner, till then, after the 2014 elections, they will be compelled to continue to live in this system which is the cause for their plight.
The second path is to try and fight against the system from now onwards. Those people who want neo-liberal economic policies, they should understand that this economic policy is not in their interest, because this economic policy has fueled inflation, corruption and increased unemployment and this economic policy will further increase these things, because the elements of increasing inflation, corruption and unemployment are inherent in it. This means that the people who talk of changing economic policies, people should think about supporting them. Especially those people who understand economic policies should explain them to the people. In our country, the people have been deliberately kept away from ideological information and have been told that it is not necessary or important for them to have ideological information. After entangling them in the trap of problems, they have been kept away and apart from how those problems could be solved. Therefore, what is required is including the common people of the country very clearly in the process of how the country can change at the ideological level.
I know that that there are no longer people left who can do this work, but if people do not do this work, then they will have to be prepared for a situation when they are going on the road and poor and disappointed people come and snatch whatever they may be carrying in broad daylight. Use of language like ‘sooner or later’ is no longer relevant because now this situation can be seen before one. Those people who are deprived or outside the purview of development have started believing a section of the people, their dress, their style of living, to be symbols of this corrupt system and this danger has now come to our doors. Therefore, sensible people should try and think it is worth supporting under any conditions talk of changing the economic system, and extending a welcome to those who talk of a changed economic system. It is necessary and essential to do this. If you and we come together, we will work in the interest of the country.
Narendra Modi, Rahul Gandhi or Arvind Kejriwal may be good persons, make winning a subject matter in the country, because they have money, language, technology and the ability to deceive. But all these persons cannot succeed in solving the problems of the people of this country because 23 years, from 1991 till today, have proved that this policy which we call the neo-liberal market system, can neither keep the country united, nor solve the problems of the country, nor can it end inflation, corruption and unemployment in the country. To bring an end to these problems, changing this economic policy and bringing the changed economic policy before the people is a solution, a measure in which people should participate and be involved.