Like terrorism, mobs don’t have any religion. It is impossible to tell what an angry mob can do. When this mob becomes ugly then it is known as a ‘riot’. A riot is like a blank cheque, which is used by our politicians at the time of elections. When the rate of riots increases in our country, it is a clear indication that elections are near. Whenever the pressure of religion and politics on people has increased, then riots have occurred in India. An era of bloodstained riots has started again in India. There were riots that occurred recently in Mathura and Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh (UP), killing many innocent people. The violence in the Bodoland area of Assam is still continuing. Houses are still being destroyed and people are losing their lives. Humans are being brutally killed in the name of culture and language and in this situation, it is very hard to say which party is innocent and which party is the main culprit. Statistics of the last 28 years show that whether it is the Congress or the BJP, neither of these parties has a clean sheet regarding riots and communal violence.
The records that are available with Chauthi Duniya show that from 1984 to 2012, the country faced 26,817 riots in total, in which 12,902 people lost their lives. All these are government statistics. According to the real statistics, lakhs more have lost their lives. Statistics reveal that till date the maximum riots have occurred during the reign of P. V. Narasimha Rao. During his reign more than 8,000 riots occurred, in which 4774 people were killed. In other words, during his tenure at an average 900 people were killed per year. During the tenure of Rajiv Gandhi, 475 people were killed per year. During the regime of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, at an average 363 people were killed per year. In the last 28 years, the Congress has ruled the country for 18 years. And during this period, 8619 people in total have lost their lives. It means that every year at an average, 478 people have lost their lives in riots. The remaining 10 years were under the rule of anti-Congress parties, during which 4283 were killed in riots. It means that every year at an average, 428 lost their lives.
A riot is like a blank cheque, which is used by our politicians at the time of elections. When the rate of riots increases in our country, it is a clear indication that elections are near. Whenever the pressure of religion and politics on people has increased, then riots have occurred in India. An era of bloodstained riots has started again in India.
It is very shocking that only 8 months have passed in the 2012 calendar and more than 8 riots have already occurred in different parts of the country. In the history of this country with a population of 120 crores, there is only one year when less than 500 riots have occurred and less than 100 people have lost their lives.
According to statistical records, from 1984 till now, India has seen the government in the hands of three parties. During these 28 years, Congress has ruled the country for the maximum time. Rajiv Gandhi was the Prime Minister of the country from 1984 to 1989. During this period, 4187 riots occurred, in which 2854 people were killed. After that, the Janata Party came to power. In 1990, 2983 riots occurred in the country and 1835 people were killed. If we do not consider 1992, then after 1984, maximum people have lost their lives in the year 1990. In the year 1991, Mr. Chandra Shekhar of the Samajwadi Party became the Prime Minister for 6 months, after which yet again the Congress came into power and P. V. Narasimha Rao became the Prime Minister of India from 1991 to 1996. In 1991, 1727 riots occurred, in which 877 people lost their lives. After that, 1992 was the most bloodstained year in the history. A total of 3536 riots occurred during this year, in which 1972 people were killed. From 1991 to 1996, 8758 riots occurred and 4774 people lost their lives. The Congress was out of power in the latter half of 1996. In this year, 728 riots occurred in total, in which 209 people were killed. In 1996, the Janata Party again came into power and ruled till March 1998. In 1997 and 1998, 1481 riots occurred in total, in which 489 people were killed. From March 1998 to May 2004, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the Prime Minister of India. From 1998 to 2003, 4441 riots occurred, in which 2182 people were killed.
But among these 2182 people, 1130 people were killed in the Gujarat riots alone which occurred in 2002. If we leave out the 2002 Gujarat riots, then only 250 people were killed every year in the regime of Atal Bihari Vajpayee. In 2004, the Congress came into the power once again. From 2004 till now, Dr. Manmohan Singh has been the Prime Minister and during his regime, 6086 riots have occurred so far, in which 991 people have lost their lives. The statistics of the Uttar Pradesh and Assam riots are also included in this total.
However, the statistics in the records do not tell the real story of what occurred during the riots in the country. The houses that are fired out, the shattered dreams of the people who lived in those houses and the pain of the victims relatives are not included in the statistics. The reality is that our country is not safe under any of these political parties. At the time the Babri Masjid riots took place in Uttar Pradesh, Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao was reportedly in immersed in worship. During the massacre of the minorities in Gujarat, Atal Bihari Vajpayee remained silent and now after the massacre of the minorities that is going on in Assam, Manmohan Singh is saying that he is helpless. Questions arise : what is the fault of those who suffer because of the riots, who are killed in these riots, and what is the reason behind the helplessness of the Central Government?
A Sad Story Of Loss & Inaction
According to statistics of the Home Ministry of Maharashtra, from 1995 to 2011, 2158 cases were filed in the police stations of Maharashtra. The statistics also reveal that in these cases, 99 people were killed and 4356 people were injured out of which 1631 people were policemen. In the context of financial losses due to these riots, the backward Muslims have incurred the maximum loss. According to statistics, from 1996 to 2011, the Muslims incurred a loss of Rs. 48,99,99,845 whereas the Hindus incurred a loss of Rs. 33,86,69,109 and the Government incurred a loss of Rs. 2,02,68,845. This way the country incurred a loss of Rs. 85,89,12,289. If we talk about Delhi then according to the Relief Branch of the Revenue Department under the Delhi Government, as per the report of the Ahuja Committee, from 1984 till date there have been 2733 riots. After these riots, compensation worth Rs. 1,59,36,57,409 was provided. These statistics for relief packages cover the period between 2006 to 31 March 2012. In this regards, RTI requests have been sent to all the states of the country. The Riot Controlling Unit of Uttar Pradesh in one of its reply to a RTI request said that the sought after information is prohibited under the RTI Act- 8 (1). Neither have the other states of the country provided any information regarding the riots. It was also asked how many Government officials were accused in these riots, a list of their names and posts, what investigations have been done against them, in which post did the officials in question work and in which post they are working now. If they are retired then where they are now and how many people among them have been punished so far. But no information has yet been provided. Only the Police Superintendent of Uttarakhand Janpad, Udham Singh Nagar ,said that only one riot had occurred in the Haza area of Uttarakhand in 1994 in which 3 people were killed. 3 Government officials were accused in this riot. In 1999, under IPC 302, cases was filed against them which are still under trial in the court. Amongst these officials, one was working as an Inspector in charge and the other two were constables. Presently all of them have been suspended by the Uttar Pradesh Government.