We want to keep a fact, which he probably understands, before the Prime Minister of the country, Narendra Modi. The thoughts or the minds of the people of the country before 2011 have changed after 2011. Before 2011, it seemed to people that they could not do anything, the system is not listening to what they are saying or the system will never hear. But Anna Hazare’s 2011 movement created a self confidence in the minds of the people of the country and people felt that if we stand up and put pressure for anything, the system will have to listen and in many places such instances came to light when the system had to listen to what the people were saying. The way there was an upsurge – without any leader — amongst the people of Delhi and the entire country in support of the rape victim who suffered so much, that too proved that people’s thoughts and mind are changing.
In the context of these changed mind and thoughts, another fact has come before one and this fact is that the last ten years of the governance-less governance or rule of the Congress had angered and outraged the people and that anger and outrage had spread so far inside that it did not remain limited or confined to one group. It drew a line of division within almost every section in the country, by which a large number of people turned against the Congress and they rose together above caste and religion and gave Narendra Modi their vote. Narendra Modi’s supporters are ‘abstaining’ from accepting this fact. They say that the country had become divided on a Hindu and Muslim basis and to teach the Muslims a lesson all the Hindus went in favour of Narendra Modi and therefore there was the big win. I cannot understand this. If this had happened, Narendra Modi would have got more than a two-thirds majority, but Narendra Modi and because of him, the Bharatiya Janta Party, got only a simple majority, i.e. ten more numbers than the required 272.
This means that country was harried and troubled by the governance-less governance or rule of the Congress, was troubled by problems, was troubled by corruption, inflation, unemployment, therefore they saw Narendra Modi as a hope, and they voted for him. It is also clear from this that the BJP’s three basic elements — Article 370, the Common Civil Code and the Ram temple – were not on the minds of the people of the country but that inflation, corruption and unemployment were on their minds. In this light the Prime Minister gave his first speech in Parliament on 11 June. This speech was as a Prime Minister and also as an MP elected for the first time. And there should not be any hesitation in saying that this speech was more effective than Manmohan Singh’s speech.
If a country can be run by relying on bureaucrats, then fine, otherwise things can go badly askew, because in the last sixty years neither has the bureaucracy made the country walk along the path to development, or run on it. The development that happened was not planned growth or the result of planned development efforts, rather it was development that took place at an average pace. No matter whose Government it would have been, so much development would have happened anyway. Development done according to the will power of a Government shows a different picture and at this time there is a desire in the minds of the people in the country to see that picture.
Manmohan Singh could never make the people of the country understand his point (s), but in his first speech Narendra Modi gave a message to the people of the country that he wanted to do something. The benchmarks he laid are also worthy of a welcome. The way he talked about making people accountable should also be welcomed. It should also be admitted that if Lal Krishna Advani had given a speech from the Prime Minister’s post, it would have been comparitively less better.
Now there are challenges in front of Narendra Modi. His first challenge is the Cabinet. There are good people in his Cabinet, but they are not people who are committed to the public. If somebody has to strive for this, it will have to be Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself who will have to ensure how people in his Cabinet keep their gaze continuously on the objectives.
However, Narendra Modi has also given a message to the people of the country that the main work of Ministers is not about giving speeches about work done by the Ministries, giving and receiving bouquets, meeting Ministers of the States, welcoming foreign guests and sometimes going abroad to make some Agreements. Such work will be done mostly and generally by bureaucrats. If this indication given by Narendra Modi is true, it will mean the running of the country will rely on bureaucrats. If a country can be run by relying on bureaucrats, then fine, otherwise things can go badly askew, because in the last sixty years neither has the bureaucracy made the country walk along the path to development, or run on it. The development that happened was not planned growth or the result of planned development efforts, rather it was development that took place at an average pace. No matter whose Government it would have been, so much development would have happened anyway. Development done according to the will power of a Government shows a different picture and at this time there is a desire in the minds of the people in the country to see that picture.
There is a big question and that question is : why do we link Maoism or Naxalism with terrorism? From the very beginning the Bharatiya Janata Party believes that the Naxalism problem is a problem of law and order. People who have gone astray because of not getting work anywhere, who are criminals, they are working in the name of Naxalism. While on the other side, most journalists, most sociologists and most political scientists generally believe that Naxalism is spreading in those places where money for development has been spent on paper, but has not been spent on the ground. There is no road, there is no hospital, no school nor any means of employment. All the people there are siding with forces which say that people sitting in Delhi are sitting there for robbing, they are not in favour of the poor, and if you want to bring a Government in your favour, you will have to take up arms.
In the same way that we believe the BJP argument and logic that the problem of Naxalism is a problem of law and order, in the same way we will give a law and order argument or logic to the political ideology spread by Naxalites. It is our belief that the problem of Naxalism in the country is a problem of development created by the Government machinery in this country. The market based economy is keeping a large part of the country outside the purview of development. That is why all the policies that are being framed are being made for 20 or 22 per cent of the people. When 80 per cent of the people stay outside this circle, then it is natural for them to be attracted to an ideology which believes that democracy is not right for development. Which believes that democracy is a mechanism to push forward the rich, rather than that which will eliminate the people’s hunger and thirst. And this is the challenge before Narendra Modi.
We want to make Narendra Modi aware of a fact. He is the Prime Minister of our country, he is intelligent, but we want to make him aware of this fact that soldiers in the Indian Army come mostly from those States where there is the most Naxalism. We want to underline this fact and place it before the Prime Minister and we want to request him that where there is a law and order problem, to see it linked to a law and order problem, but where it is not a law and order problem, if that too is made into a law and order problem, then a law and order problem will actually and truly arise in the country.
Therefore, it is necessary that the development issue in the country should be looked at afresh, with a new pair of spectacles, and such a development policy be made in which all sections of the people in the country can be incorporated. According to the promise, if every person in the country owns a home in which there is electricity and a toilet too by 2022; if every farmer, every labourer, every tribal, every Dalit and every Muslim, who are considered representatives of the poor sections, can get the facilities for working, only then will this country country turn towards development in its true sense. Otherwise, all the schemes that Narendra Modi has declared in Parliament will in the name of the poor benefit the rich. If a hundred towns or cities are built, then the builders will benefit. If concrete houses are made village, builders will benefit. The need is that instead of making people beggars they should be given opportunities through which they can facilitate all the happiness and comforts through their own hard work, and can become industrious citizens of the country.
Narendra Modiji, to become the Prime Minister of India after 2011 is like riding a tiger. Either, riding on the tiger, you will become a great hero or the tiger will make you a mouthful for itself before you can become a great hero. The people of the country are waiting to see what steps you will adopt to bring about a change in their lives.