The Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-2012) began in very favourable circumstances with the economy having grown at a rate of 7.7% per year in the Tenth Plan period. However, far too many people in the country still lacked the basic requirements for a decent living in terms of nutrition standards, access to education and basic health, and also to other public services such as water supply and sewerage. Disadvantaged groups, especially the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and the minorities had benefited less than they should have. Regional imbalances had emerged across and even within states. Mr. Manmohan Singh was the Prime Minister during the Eleventh Five Year Plan. The Eleventh Plan sought to remedy these deficiencies by seeking to accelerate the pace of growth while also making it more inclusive. The growth objective was to achieve an average growth rate of 9% per annum for the Plan period. The objective of inclusiveness was reflected in the adoption of 26 monitorable targets at the national level related to income and poverty, education, health, women and children, infrastructure, and environment. Some of these national targets were disaggregated into 13 state level targets and it was expected that the state governments would design policies and programmes to achieve them.
The total public sector outlay in the Eleventh Plan (both Centre and States and including their Public Sector Enterprises) was estimated at Rs. 3644718 crores. Of this total, the share of the Centre (including the plans of Public SectorEnterprises) was to amount to Rs. 2156571 crores, while that of the States and Union Territories (UTs) was to be Rs. 1488147 crores.
Main Focus of the Plan
The broad vision of the Eleventh Plan included several inter-related components: rapid growth that reduces poverty and creates employment opportunities, access to essential services in health and education especially for the poor, equality of opportunity, empowerment through education and skill development, employment opportunities underpinned by the National Rural Employment Guarantee, environmental sustainability, recognition of women’s agency and good governance.
- The growth rate of the agriculture sector came upto 7.16 per cent.
- The services sector had a growth rate of 8.84 per cent.
- Effective implementation of several poverty alleviation schemes ensured attainment of better standards.
- The targeted growth rate for the Eleventh Five Year Plan was 8.33 per cent, but the actual growth that was achieved was 7.9 per cent.
The main objectives of the Eleventh Five Year Plan were reduction of poverty and increase in employment. Some other aspects which constituted the Eleventh Five Year Plan were:
- Creation of 70 million employment opportunities.
- Development of minimum standards of educational attainment in elementary school.
- Reduction in infant mortality rate and maternal mortality rate.
- Ensuring electricity connection to all villages and Below Poverty Line (BPL) households.
- Treat all urban waste water by 2012 to clean river waters.
- Ensuring the provision of broadband connectivity to all villages by 2012.
- Ensuring safe childhood for children without compulsion of work.
- Provide clean drinking water for all by 2012.
- Reduction of educated unemployment to below 5 per cent.
- Increasing horticulture, plantation of crops and organic farming.
- Introducing several poverty alleviating schemes.
- Skill development of workers and farmers.
- Providing a policy environment which stimulates growth.
- Strengthening urban local bodies through capacity building.
- Usage of technology and innovation in a substantial manner.
- Industrial development to increase productivity.
- Introduction of many literacy programs to reduce illiteracy.