New Theories Of Political Morality And Principles : Comparisons Of Political Compromises

New theories of political morality and principles are coming up in Indian politics. We don’t know what will be the outcome of these theories of political morality in the future, but at least it seems that the worst political enemies can also find ways to stand together. But will these types of debates which have been witnessed in this Parliament session take place in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha ? It should be believed that this will surely happen. There is a basis for this belief. Actually, there is no worry on the count that the interest of the people in India is also important. The interest is of the leaders of the political parties, with whom the entire party aligns. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) with Karunanidhi and his family, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) with Mayawati and Samajwadi Party (SP) with Mulayam Singh Yadav.
If we look at matters impartially, we can find that these three leaders speak the language of the poor, have a desire to do politics for the poor and also came into power on the strength of the poor. The steps to be taken up by the Governments are in favour of the poor or against the poor, these three people will surely have this information. But the contradictions that are there in the style of their language and their style of working always gives a new life to the Government. The arguments are also very bizarre, someone takes the support of communalism and finds a way for his own defence and someone finds a way in the name of farmers or small craftsmen. But if someone loses in this fight, then it is the Dalit, labourer, farmer, backward class, Muslim and the deprived of the country. In the last few years, the majority of the decisions have been against these classes, but the Government has created such a web that the leaders of these classes stood with the Government.
Mayawati gave an argument that we will see in the future what happens in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Lalu Prasad Yadav had an argument that as per the FDI, if the foreign company Walmart comes to India and makes any mess, then they will burn their stores and Mulayam Singh Yadav believed this entire drill was against the farmers. Inspite of this the result was the same : that the Government even without having a majority won in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.
This is the efficiency of the present Government. Narasimha Rao discovered the technique of saving the Government and after this the Government of Manmohan Singh made a lot of improvements in this technique. This technique is not known to the parties who are non- Congress and non-Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). When a non-Congress or non-BJP Government is made then there is a hurry about how to dethrone this Government, but the technique is saved.

Narasimha Rao discovered the technique of saving the Government and after this the Government of Manmohan Singh made a lot of improvements in this technique. This technique is not known to the parties who are non- Congress
and non-Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

I remember two examples, first of V. P. Singh and the second of Chandrashekhar. There was a test of the V. P. Singh Government in the Lok Sabha, the ‘no confidence’ motion had already arrived. At that point of time a proposal was kept before V. P. Singh that if V. P. Singh gives his resignation letter and Chandrashekhar becomes the Prime Minister, then the party will also be saved and Congress can also be stopped from coming to power. But the advisors of those days of V. P. Singh gave advice to V. P. Singh that it should be decided in the Lok Sabha who is in favour of the Mandal Commission and who is against the Mandal Commission. These great ‘senapatis’ (commanders-in-chief ) were also of the opinion that whoever goes against the Mandal Commission, the public will not give votes to them at any cost. So the Government should go and the people should come to know that who are against their interests. These commanders’s in chief were also of the opinion that more than 60 per cent of the people will support the Mandal Commission. The Government could not be saved, the decision was made in the Lok Sabha and V. P. Singh became a part of history. Throughout the elections, he sang the epic song of the backward classes, but it was the backward classes who did not give him votes. The basic issue of corruption of V. P. Singh was left way behind and the Mandal Commission did not give his party another opportunity to play any effective role in building the future of India.
Chandrashekhar became the Prime Minister. There was a rough idea that the Congress would not support him as the Prime Minister for a very long time and might probably search for a political excuse for this. The Congress made a decision to dethrone the Government because of suspicions of spying by two ‘sipahis’ (policemen) of Haryana. There was a lot of debate going on regarding the ‘no confidence’ motion. Chandrashekhar was seated on the chair of the Prime Minister in the Lok Sabha and it was almost clear that if the Congress does not give support to Chandrashekhar, then the Government will fall, so nobody was unduly worried. Suddenly, Rangarajan Kumaramangalam entered the Lok Sabha running from the direction of the Central Hall. There was a slip of paper in his hand. I asked him, to where are you running ? Kumarmangalam answered that Rajiv Gandhi has made a decision that the Government should not be dethroned, so he has sent a slip and has requested Chandrashekhar to stretch the debate of the ‘no confidence’ motion, so that the Congress Members of the Parliament can be found and sent to the Lok Sabha.
Out of curiosity I followed him. Kumaramangalam handed over the slip to Chandrashekhar and said the same thing in his ears, which he had said to me. Chandrashekhar read the slip and threw the slip down after tearing it. It never happens like this : people do not tear papers in the Lok Sabha, instead they keep them in their pockets and go outside and put them in the dustbin. Chandrashekhar said to Rangarajan Kumaramangalam that I cannot make any compromise with the dignity of the Prime Minister’s post. As soon as Kumaramangalam came out of the Lok Sabha with a long face, Chandrashekhar stood up and said “there is no use debating on the ‘no confidence’ motion now. After going out from here I am going straight away to the President and will give my resignation letter.” The debate stopped.
If this situation would have come in front of Narasimha Raoji or Manmohan Singh, then it is my belief that they would not have allowed the Government to fall, they would have found ways of saving the Government, no matter what they may have had to do.
We get two lessons, one that Mulayam Singh Yadav and Mayawati may be diehard political enemies, but to run the Government, the Congress can get both the opponents to join them. Yes, it is a different matter that on the question of fighting for elections in Uttar Pradesh, the Congress may not be able to make a compromise with these two and even if a compromise is made, then they won’t be able to capture many seats. Secondly that the non-Congress and non-BJP parties, by staying with the Congress, can remain as ‘bedraggled cats’ (‘bheegi billi’s’) or can stay with the BJP and keep getting scolded by it. A possibility : they could consider somebody a leader from amongst themselves and follow the same thinking and considerations in politics.


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