Judo in India is a sport that has gained huge popularity in the country.
Judo in India is a sport which is very popular. The very first written record about the Judo in India in Kodokan is about the coaching and demonstration of Judo by Shinzo Tagaki arranged at Shantiniketan in 1929 by Rabindranath Tagore. The Judo Federation of India was formed in 1965. In the 2010 Judo World Cup in Tashkent, Thoudam Kalpana Devi of Indian State of Manipur became the first Indian to win a World Cup top-three finish.
Origin of Judo
Judo in India became very popular in India in the last century. A mesmerising martial art, is an ideal form of physical exercise and self defence. Judo also happens to be a source of educational develppment and a mode of character development. Modern judo has its origins in jujitsu, a fighting art that can be traced back over a thousand years into Japanese history. Judo itself, however, is a relatively recent synthesis and owes it existence to the genius of one man: Dr. Jigoro Kano.
Jigoro Kano was born in the seaside town of Mikage in 1860. He and his family moved to Tokyo in 1871. Mr. Kano studied politics and literature at Tokyo Imperial University. He became an instructor of the Gakushuin in 1882 and eleven years later, he was appointed the Headmaster of the Koto Shihan, a teachers’ training school. In 1909, Professor Kano became the first Japanese member of the International Olympic Committee and two years later, he founded the Japanese Athletic Association and became its first president. Because of his many contributions in the field of athletics, Professor Kano is called the “Father of Physical Education and Sport” in Japan.
Professor Kano also emphasised that proper use of the mind of an individual was key to self-fulfilment. This game was the first among all the games to be played at the Olympics sports from Asia. The development and origin of Judo as combative sport also demonstrates the superiority of strength and technique. The development and evolution of modern day Judo was based on high ethical standards and always gave due respect to its technicalities and combative methods.
Judo Federation of India (JFI)
This is an organisation that actually takes care of all matters related to Judo in India. The JFI promotes, supports and encourages all the Judokas, professionals or otherwise. The primary objectives of the Judo Federation of India are:
- To broad-base and popularise the game of Judo in India as well as in the world
- To upgrade the standard of Indian Judo Players, so that they can win more medals in International Judo events
- To strengthen the concept of friendship, mutual understanding and welfare among nations through Judo.
JFI, on its part, has lived up to the obligations and been successful in the development of Judo in India. The Officials involved with JFI have worked hard and put in great efforts to promote the Judo movement in India since 1965, and is an important factor in the campaign to strengthen mutual understanding among States and Nations. At the 2012 London Olympics, India won 8 medals in judo.
Techniques of Judo
Judo in India is a modern martial art. Its most exclusive feature is its component of competitiveness, where the endeavour is to either takeover or take over one’s opponent to ground, immobilise or otherwise subdue one’s opponent with the grappling manoeuvre, or force an opponent to submit by joint locking or by executing a throttle choke or hold. Strikes and thrusts by feet and hands as well as weapons defences are a part of Judo, but only in pre-arranged forms (kata) and are also not allowed in competitions of Judo or free practice (randori). The ideology and philosophy that subsequently developed for Judo became a model for other modern Japanese martial arts that developed from Koryu. The worldwide spread of Judo has also led to the development of a number of offshoots like Samboo and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. The practitioners of Judo are also known as Judokas.
Rank System In Judo
Judo, for its own good, created system of ranks, which is also used in most other martial arts. It also recognises a person’s degree of ability, knowledge and leadership. There are of course separate ranks for juniors (under 17 years) and for seniors as well. Judo ranks are also identified by coloured belts and also ten degrees of advanced grades for black belts. Regular advancement also encourages students to achieve more points.
Principals and Goals of Judo
Judo, which is translated as gentle ways, also teaches the attitude of suppleness in the submission of system. This is the efficient or flexible use of leverage, balance and movement in the presentation of Judo throws and other skills. Ability, procedure and timing, rather than the use of brute strength, are the essential ingredients for success in Judo. The principles of Judo, such as “Maximum Efficiency” and “Mutual Welfare and Benefit”, can also be used in dealing with life. The ultimate goal in Judo is to expand oneself to the maximum possible extent, always looking to perfect oneself, so that you can contribute something of value to the world. n
(Inputs from IndiaNetZone.)
The only Indian judoka to qualify for the 2012 London Olympics, Garima Chaudhary represented the country in the 63kg category in the London Games. The 22-year old is currently ranked at 94 in the 63kg category in the International Judo Federation (IJF) list and is the only Indian to grace the coveted list.
Garima Chaudhary’s Medal Record
- 2006: Gold – South Asian Games
- 2007: Gold – Junior Asian Championships
- 8 2008: Silver – Junior Asian Championships
- 2009: Bronze – Junior Asian Championships
- 2011: Gold – Martial Art Games
Hailing from Meerut, UP, Chaudhary was selected for the Junior Asian Championships at 14 years of age and participated in the Commonwealth Judo Championships in 2004. A consistent top performer at the national level, Chaudhary has won a gold in 2007 Junior Asian Championships, followed by a silver and a bronze in 2008 and 2009 respectively. She has also bagged gold in 2006 South Asian Games and a bronze in 2009 Martial Art Games. She has also won a bronze in senior national championships