The Narendra Modi Government effected an historical increase of 14.2 per cent in railway fares. At the same time, news is also coming that in the defence sector and in the Railways too, 100 per cent foreign investment will now be brought in. Such a hefty increase in railway fares has never been seen before. An increase in Railway fares means that all things that are related with the Railways will now get costlier. Has our warning that the Modi Government will work to promote further the policies of the Congress itself proved to be correct? The same policies in which money is snatched from the poor to benefit industrialists. The same policies which are beneficial for five per cent of the people and are a cause of difficulties for the rest. The financial condition of Indian Railways is bad, so is this the only way to tackle it? Or then will the Modi Government give an assurance that rail fares will not be increased for the next five years?
Inflation can suddenly be seen to be increasing. This inflation has suddenly amazed those people who were sitting with the belief that Narendra Modi will become the Prime Minister and inflation will decrease. This hope proved to be wrong. Narendra Modi made an initial statement that to bring the economic situation of the country on the tracks, tough decisions will have to be taken. This statement indicated that problems are going to grow for the people of the country and no sign of a decrease can be seen.
When we say that problems are going to grow for the people of the country, it does not mean that twenty per cent of the people in whose hands money is centred, because vegetables, pulses, rice, oil, ghee, no matter how costly, does not make a difference to them. No matter how much theprice of gas increases, it does not make a difference to them. The rising prices of petrol and diesel do not have any effect on them. The effect is on those eighty per cent of the people who earn between one thousand rupees and thirty thousand rupees in a month. In this earning there is the contribution of the entire home. Children’s education is a matter of worry and concern for this section. Health is a matter of worry and concern for this section. Inflation too is a matter of worry and concern for this section. Therefore, whenever the Government makes a statement or the Prime Minister makes a statement, it means that those who have money in their hands or the wealthy section or class, apart from them, problems and miseries are about to increase for all other people.
There is only and only one answer to inflation, unemployment and corruption, that answer is industrialisation of the country’s villages. Raw material is produced not in the cities, but in the villages. The work of turning the raw material into solid goods should be done in the villages themselves. Without taking this decision neither can inflation be combated, nor corruption or unemployment. It isn’t that Governments don’t know this, but Governments don’t want to do it.
Because, if they do, people in the country will become aware and will immediately catch where the weakness is or where the disorder lies.
Not even seven days had passed after the Prime Minister’s statement that the country’s Finance Minister made a statement that we will import grain, pulses. If inflation does not come down in the country, we will obtain from abroad. This statement reminded one of Sharad Pawar, the previous Agriculture Minister. Sharad Pawar always promoted inflation by saying that we will import this item or the price of this item is going to increase or there will be a scarcity of this item. It can perhaps be considered a matter of sorrow that Arun Jaitley has started walking in the footsteps of Sharad Pawar. In this Government there is another sentence which is circulating very rapidly, ‘we are keeping an eye’. Arun Jaitley is keeping an eye on inflation, Sushma Swaraj is keeping an eye on Iraq. Different Ministers are keeping an eye on the increasing problems in the country. But where are the solutions?
The Government of Narendra Modi is not able to understand that the faith with which people gave their vote and got the Government formed are poor people, they are not wealthy people. These are the same people with a salary or earnings ranging from one thousand rupees to thirty thousand rupees a month who voted in the hope that an immediate solution will be found to their problems and they will get some relief and liberation fromunemployment and corruption. But their hopes are falling flat. Disappointment will not grow so soon in this section, but a distrust can develop thatthe Government is not serious about their problems. Now what can be the way of dealing with this distrust? To turn this distrust into faith again, theModi Government may certainly have to do something or the other.
We should keep this faith that to acquire the faith of the people again, no fake problems will be created. The economic policies that were run during Shri Manmohan Singh’s tenure created so many economic problems in the country. Can the current problems be faced by following those same economic policies? People in the Bharatiya Janata Party did not give the answer to this question either at the time of elections and nor are they giving it now. It means that these policies are not for coping with the conditions in the country, but instead are policies that have been made at the behest of new foreign companies. These policies have been made with thought and understanding, and seventy-eighty per cent of people have been taken outside their purview.
There is only and only answer to inflation, unemployment and corruption, that answer is industrialisation of the country’s villages. Raw material is produced not in the cities, but in the villages. The work of turning the raw material into solid goods should be done in the villages themselves. Without taking this decision neither can inflation be combated, nor corruption or unemployment. It isn’t that Governments don’t know this, but Governments don’t want to do it. Because, if they do, people in the country will become aware and will immediately catch where the weakness is or where the disorder lies. And that is why no Government wants to stop some percentage of the people from becoming rich with the money coming in. It is a club of those in power, in which there are MPs, whether from the ruling party or the Opposition, industrialists, some journalists, some bureaucrats, and by combining them all together a ruling club is formed. No matter who is in power, these people can be seen to be ruling. Their importance never lessens, therefore, all these people do not want to change the system.
And when the words ‘change the system’ come, then these words have only one meaning that in this country along with the city-based industries village-based industries should also be set up and on the basis of village raw materials a big industrial plan should be formulated, in which there should be arrangements for production, finishing and marketing. Unless and until the Government and political parties do not accept this as their ideal, it should not be believed at all that there is hope for inflation, corruption and unemployment to end in the country or a single step forward can be taken in that direction. At the moment an appeal can be made to Shri Narendra Modi that he should apply his capabilities, his strength to fulfilling the hopes of people and to solving people’s problems, so that the people who have put their faith in him do not begin to sway in the swing of distrust.