High Time To Start Implementing The Constitution : Viable Policies Are A Must

kamal-morarkaAll the political people and other people in authority, whether they are corporate leaders or people in public life or civil society, they must take a step back and think whether we have worked the Constitution as it was meant to be or over the years, from 1952 to now, we have slowly distorted every part of the Constitution in such a manner that while we are following it on paper, in reality it is quite different. For instance, the Constitution gives a certain method of how a Government is elected and what the Government is supposed to do.
The Government’s role or business are very clear: that any Government which is elected should lay down the policy economic, political, social. But the implementation is to be done by the Civil Services. There are IAS officers and other services who have come up the hard way. They have appeared for competitive exams and only the most intelligent people are there. So you have a very competent group of people to implement your policy but are we using them correctly? No. Unfortunately, slowly, the parties that are now getting elected, they are interested in small things not in big things.
No party wants to change the basic anomalies that are taking place in the country. For instance, when Partition took place, unfortunately Mr. Jinnah did it on the basis of religion. Pakistan was made for the Muslims of India. But even on the day that the Partition took place it was clear that there will be more Muslims staying back in India than there would be in Pakistan. Still they did it. What does it show? And why did the Indians who stayed back here, why did they stay back? Because Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Maulana Azad gave an assurance that Pakistan may be an Islamic country, but India will remain a secular country. Religion will not be a factor when the Government will deal with the people. Religion is a personal matter — it only means that you are calling god by a different name — whether you call him Bhagwan or Allah or Ishwar or Jesus Christ or Wahe Guru it doesn’t matter. Have we followed that spirit?
Today unfortunately, I am seeing that if I were a Muslim, which I am not, if I were a Muslim staying in India I would feel let down because I feel the promises made by these great leaders have not been fulfilled by successive Governments. While it is true that we all try to vote to safeguard ourselves, everybody started using us as a voting block or a vote bank as they call it. What is the share? If Muslims are 15 per cent of the population what is their share? In the IAS 2 per cent, in IPS 2 per cent, among corporates, hardly 1 or 2 per cent. What have they got? They have not been treated equally. They are not being given equal opportunities. Education has eluded them. Most of the Muslims are illiterate, uneducated. This is the unfortunate state of affairs.
India is a secular country, a socialist country, a democratic country. And it is high time that the Government starts following the Directive Principles of State Policy of the Constitution which are very clearly demarcated. The Government must follow the Constitution and try to do something for the poor, students, Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, women, minorities. Instead of doing that everybody is going the American way or the corporate way. Poverty figures are coming which are making people like me hang their head in shame. It is shameful. Schemes like MGNREGS and Food Security. These have not been very well structured or very well calculated steps. Too much money is being spent on these schemes. Of course, these are steps in the right direction but there is too much leakage of money in MGNREGS and the Food Security Bill. It is high time they must make a viable policy how we can uplift the lowest or poorest of the poor into a middle class. The rich are become richer — that is no problem but the poor have remained where they are. Yes, the middle classes have done well — you have got some glittering things like motor cars, roads, malls, foreign brands etc., but it doesn’t help the man who doesn’t have land. The landless labourer is still a landless labourer, a poor man in a village is still a poor man — he can only see the things mentioned above on TV and feel worse. It is high time to start implementing the Constitution.


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