7 tips to reduce your risk Cancer Prevention

Cancer prevention can obviously make all  the difference between life and death  and it often takes so little to do so . Here are some real-life strategies to reduce your risk of cancer… Take cancer prevention into your own hands, starting today. The rewards will last a lifetime…

cancerYou’ve probably heard conflicting reports about cancer prevention. Sometimes the specific cancer-prevention tip recommended in one study or news report is advised against in another. If you’re concerned about cancer prevention, take comfort in the fact that small changes in your daily life can make a big difference. Consider seven real-life cancer prevention tips.
1. Don’t use tobacco
Using any type of tobacco puts you on a collision course with cancer. Smoking has been linked to various types of cancer  including cancer of the lung, bladder, cervix and kidney  and chewing tobacco has been linked to cancer of the oral cavity and pancreas. Even if you don’t use tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke may increase your risk of lung cancer. Avoiding tobacco  or deciding to stop using it  is one of the most important health decisions you can make. It’s also an important part of cancer prevention. If you need help quitting tobacco, ask your doctor about stop-smoking products and other strategies for quitting.
2. Eat a healthy diet
Although making healthy selections at the grocery store and at mealtime can’t guarantee cancer prevention, it may help reduce your risk. Consider these guidelines:

  1.  Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Base your diet on fruits, vegetables and other foods from plant sources  such as whole grains and beans.
  2.  Limit fat. Eat lighter and leaner by choosing fewer high-fat foods, particularly those from animal sources. High-fat diets tend to be higher in calories and may increase the risk of overweight or obesity  which can, in turn, increase cancer risk.
  3.  If you choose to drink alcohol, do so only in moderation. The risk of various types of cancer  including cancer of the breast, colon, lung, kidney and liver  increases with the amount of alcohol you drink and the length of time you’ve been drinking regularly.

3. Maintain a healthy weight and include physical activity in your daily routine
Maintaining a healthy weight may lower the risk of various types of cancer, including cancer of the breast, prostate, lung, colon and kidney. Physical activity counts, too. In addition to helping you control your weight, physical activity on its own may lower the risk of breast cancer and colon cancer. As a general goal, include at least 30 minutes of physical activity in your daily routine  and if you can do more, even better. Try a fitness class, rediscover a favorite sport or meet a friend for daily brisk walks.
4. Protect yourself from the sun
Skin cancer is one of the most common kinds of cancer  and one of the most preventable. Try these tips:

  1.  Avoid midday sun. Stay out of the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the sun’s rays are strongest.
  2.  Stay in the shade. When you’re outdoors, stay in the shade as much as possible. Sunglasses and a broad-rimmed hat help, too.
  3.  Cover exposed areas. Wear tightly woven, loosefitting clothing that covers as much of your skin as possible. Opt for bright or dark colors, which reflect more ultraviolet radiation than pastels or bleached cotton.
  4.  Don’t skimp on sunscreen. Use generous amounts of sunscreen when you’re outdoors, and reapply often.
  5.  Avoid tanning beds and sunlamps. These are just as damaging as natural sunlight.

5. Get immuniaed
Cancer prevention includes protection from certain viral infections. Talk to your doctor about immunisation against:

  •  Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B can increase the risk of developing liver cancer. The hepatitis B vaccine is routinely given to infants. It’s also recommended for certain high-risk adults — such as adults who are sexually active but not in a mutually monogamous relationship, men who have sex with men, and health care or public safety workers who might be exposed to infected blood or body fluids.
  •  Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus that can lead to cervical cancer. The HPV vaccine is available to both men and women age 26 or younger who didn’t have the vaccine as an adolescent.

6. Avoid risky behaviors
Another effective cancer prevention tactic is to avoid risky behaviors that can lead to infections that, in turn, may increase the risk of cancer. For example:

  •  Practice safe sex. Limit your number of sexual partners, and use a condom when you do have sex.The more sexual partners you have in your lifetime, the more likely you are to contract a sexually transmitted infection — such as HIV or HPV. People who have HIV or AIDS have a higher risk of cancer of the anus, cervix, lung and immune system. HPV is most often associated with cervical cancer, but it may also increase the risk of cancer of the anus, penis, throat, vulva and vagina.
  •  Don’t share needles. Sharing needles with an infected drug user can lead to HIV, as well as hepatitis B and hepatitis C — which can increase the risk of liver cancer. If you’re concerned about drug abuse or addiction, seek professional help.

7. Take early detection seriously
Regular self-exams and professional screening for various types of cancers — such as cancer of the skin, colon, prostate, cervix and breast — can increase your chances of discovering cancer early, when treatment is most likely to be successful. Ask your doctor about the best cancer screening schedule for you. Take cancer prevention into your own hands, starting today. The rewards will last a lifetime.
Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER).

‘Cancer deaths in India likely to touch 7 lakh by 2015’

It is estimated that there are about 3 million new cases of cancer at any particular point of time with 1 million new cases every year…

Cancer is a major public health concern in India and has become one of the ten leading causes of death in the country. It is estimated that there are about 3 million new cases of cancer at any particular point of time with 1 million new cases every year. According to Dr. Pankaj Chaturvedi, professor and surgeon at Tata Memorial Hospital, said that as many as 5 lakh deaths occur annually in the country due to cancer. As per WHO Report 2005, the estimated cancer deaths in India are projected to increase to 7 lakh by 2015. The burden of cancer is expected to further increase owing to increase in life expectancy, demographic transitions and the effects of tobacco and other risk factors, said Chaturvedi.
Forty per cent of cancer cases are due to tobacco use. The leading sites of cancer are oral cavity, lungs, oesophagus and stomach among men and cervix, breast and oral cavity among women. Cancer accounts for more deaths worldwide than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined.
According to World Economic Forum (WEF), cancer is among one of the three greatest risks to the global economy due to escalating cost of care, the threat to productivity from death and disability and the effects of costs on household impoverishment. A UN resolution has declared four key strategies  tobacco control, controlling unsafe use of alcohol, obesity control and better nutrition to curb rising burden of cancer.


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