12th Five Year Plan To Spend Highest Ever On Development

By far, this is most debated and consulted Plan: some 900 civil society groups gave inputs while 165 steering and working groups deliberated over its details for over two years. It is also a grand plan with an available public resources of Rs 37,16,385 crore to spend…But the delay in rolling out the Plan may mar its effectiveness…


12th-Five-year-plan-to-spenThe 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) draft recommends “immediate” steps to counter the economic slow down. It has made plan goals conditional to these steps. But delay has marred the Plan’s rolling out. According to Planning Commission sources, it is only in the budget of 2014 that the Plan will be reflected. However, Government has the freedom to take economic revival steps that are outside the domain of the Commission.

The NDC approves the Plan a year late as it was not ready. Going by official procedures of incorporating the Plan suggestions into programmes of various ministries and then into national budget, only the budget for 2014-15 will reflect the Plan completely. This means we will be losing another two years of the Plan. The third year is usually the year when mid-term evaluation is done. “The new plan starts effectively from April 2014,” says a member of the Commission. Delay in rolling out plans has been observed in the last three periods.
The current Plan has high stakes in terms of consultations and the public funds being promised for expenditure. By far, this is most debated and consulted Plan: some 900 civil society groups gave inputs while 165 steering and working groups deliberated over its details for over two years. It is also a grand plan with an available public resources of Rs 37,16,385 crore to spend. The budgetary allocation under the 12h Five Year Plan is 125 per cent more than that of the 11th Five Year Plan.
– DTE

Water
National Water Commission to monitor compliance with conditions of investment and environment clearances given to irrigation projects
Water Regulatory Authorities in each state to protect the right to drinking water for all New Legal Framework for Groundwater to regulate groundwater ownership and management

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Agriculture
National Livestock Mission proposed by converging all existing schemes in livestock sector Fisheries and Aquaculture Development Agency proposed by merging the Freshwater Fish Farmer’s Development Agencies and Brackish water Farmer’s Development Agencies National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture will be launched; already conceived as part of the National Action Plan on Climate Change.

Rural development
Centrally sponsored rural development schemed to be restructured and cut down
Independent Evaluation Office under the Planning Commission to evaluate development programmes and recommend reforms in programmes
Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan to be formed by merging small schemes of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj to empower local bodies
Rural Building Centres at the district level as a single window solution for guidance on quality construction, supply of alternative materials, skill building of artisans and development and dissemination of innovative and location-appropriate technologies
Rural Development Flexi-fund (RDF) of Rs. 40,000 crores to be set up with the intent to devolve a significant share of Central funds related to rural development to the States.

Land
To encourage and support group farming with individual land ownership Property rights of slum dwellers to be recognised.

Health
A designated sin tax on harmful items like tobacco and alcohol to finance a part of the health budget National Health Mission to make possible universal health coverage.

Environment / forest / wildlife
Clean 80 per cent of critically polluted stretches in rivers by 2017 and 100 per cent by 2020 Forestry seed bank in forest circles and model nursery in every district with information on public portal by 2014
Integrated Ecotourism District Plans covering 10 per cent of all potential Protected Areas (PAs) by 2017
National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-Systems will be created by merging the National Wetland Conservation Programme (NWCP) and NLCP schemes
National Environmental Monitoring Programme to track status and change in socially relevant biophysical parameters and their impact
National Forestry Information System for tracking changes in forest development, harvesting, trade and utilisation scenario with particular focus on issues of ownership and rights under Forest Rights Act.

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